About the Authors


A-P Hurd is the founder of SkipStone, a Pacific northwest consultancy that helps private, public and non-profit entities use capital efficiently and profitably to build better cities. She is also an affiliate faculty member and Runstad Fellow in the College of Built Environments at the University of Washington.

From 2002-2004 A-P was a Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where her research focused on system dynamics and complex system architecture. She has worked extensively on land use and environmental policy initiatives at the state and local level. She has a particular interest in the structure of incentives: how local/regional/national frameworks quantify and allocate the cost of development and how better frameworks can encourage investment and innovation. She is also active in her community where she serves on the boards of several non-profits including NAIOP Washington, Forterra, and Friends of the Seattle Waterfront.                Read more »






Al Hurd has extensive executive experience in both the public and private sectors. Early in his career he spent several years working for the Canadian federal government, including a six-year stint at Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), the agency responsible for housing programs in Canada. He left a senior executive position with the federal government in 1990 to join the private sector.

From 1990 until 2008 Al held a succession of senior leadership positions in the IT outsourcing industry in Canada, primarily with Electronic Data Systems (EDS). In 2008 Al was appointed Canadian Vice President for EDS, an HP company where he was responsible for Hewlett Packard's services business across Canada. Al left HP to establish his own consulting practice in 2009. Al holds Bachelor and Master level degrees in Electrical Engineering from the Royal Military College of Canada.    Read more »






Editorial Assistant


Julia Levitt is a development manager at Skanska Commercial Development in Seattle. She holds a Master of Science in Real Estate from the University of Washington and recently completed her Master of Science in Management at the London School of Economics, where she researched patterns and motivations among crowd-funding venture investors. She has consulted on projects in sustainability and the built environment for organizations in the public, private and nonprofit sectors including Skanska Residential Development UK, Forterra (formerly the Cascade Land Conservancy), Seattle City Council, and a number of arts and community organizations.    Read more »